BEE HEALTH

Assess bee health in your environment!

Bee vulnerability is sadly common knowledge. Currently, on average 30% of colonies die each winter in France and worldwide.

The causes of this excess mortality are therefore environmental and multiple: urbanization, intensive agricultural practices, environmental pollution, increase in diseases, appearance of new predators, etc.
In order to assess the impact of the environment on bee health, APILAB has developed two innovative tools:

assessment of the environmental stress suffered by bees by biomarkers analysis

- monitoring the daily activity of the colonies

by counting bees.

Environmental stress assessment - Biomarker analysis

Faced with an unfavorable environment, biological organisms (animals, plants and humans of course) undergo imperceptible alterations, at the molecular, cellular and physiological level. If the exposure is prolonged, these can ultimately have a greater or lesser impact on health.
These modifications constitute biological markers, or "biomarkers", which can be measured by analysis.
In case of environmental pollution, we can detect and quantify proteins damage generated by oxidative stress.

Studying the level of protein oxidation in bees can therefore provide a reliable and sensitive account of the impact of your environment on biological organisms, even before the appearance of any visible symptoms. The implementation protocol follows the same scheme as the APIDIAG® method presented for the environmental pollution study.
This service is carried out in partnership with the OxiProteomics laboratory, which comes from the Paris Seine Biological Institute and which uses OxiDIGE technology.

If environmental stress is detected, analyses of additional pollutants can be proposed to identify or rule out a potential cause (cf. APIDIAG® method - Environmental pollution study).






Daily activity monitoring of the colonies - APIALERTE® bee counter (project in progress)


Bee colony collapse syndrome is a major problem, not only for beekeeping industry, but also from an ecological and economic point of view because of their main role in the pollination of flowering plants.

Therefore, APILAB wishes to actively participate in the search for the causes of bee mortality and solutions to curb this phenomenon. A project has thus been launched with: INRAE from Avignon and BEEGUARD to develop a bee counter, called APIALERTE®.
This device measures hive activity continuously and alerts the user in the event
of excess mortality or abnormal activity in the colony. For this, the hive is equipped with a bee entry / exit counter, a weight sensor and a weather station. Counting bees’ entrance and exit to the hive each day makes it possible to assess the vitality of the colony and to calculate, by subtraction, the daily bee mortality. When this data does not conform to the period and meteorological data measured, the system automatically generates an alert.

Thanks to this real-time information, investigations can be quickly launched in the field to determine the causes of the anomalies: particularly health examination of the colonies, floral inventory, search for predators, or even pollutants determination (cf. APIDIAG® method - Environmental pollution study).
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